Temazepam is a benzodiazepine hypnotic agent that is commonly prescribed for the short-term (typically maximum of four weeks) treatment of sleep disorders such as insomnia. It is also occasionally used as a premedication prior to minor surgical procedures.

As a recreational drug, temazepam is sometimes taken as a ‘chill out’ substance after a night of partying, or just as a relaxant to calm the user down. Some users suggest that at higher doses it can produce a feeling similar to being drunk.