Zopiclone, Zaleplon and Zolpidem
The ‘Z-drugs’ are a group of non-benzodiazepine drugs with effects similar to benzodiazepines which were designed to be used in the treatment of insomnia.
• skeletal muscle relaxation
• cognitive impairment (confusion)
Zopiclone are typically 3.75mg or 7.5mg (white) oval, scored tablets. They come in other colours (3.75mg are usually orange or blue) but have the dose marked on them.
Zolpidem are 5mg or 10mg white oval tablets.
Zaleplon are usually found as capsules of 5mg (white/orange) and 10mg (white).
These are taken orally (swallowed)